James Moore, Jr.

Elected Governor of South Carolina Province 1719 to 1721

Many historians confuse this Governor James Moore with his father, James Moore, Sr., who was a member of the Charles Town Executive Council in 1685 and later elected President of the Executive Council and Acting Governor of Charles Town in 1700 to 1703.
Of the colonial governors sent from England to the American colonies before the Revolution, and of the provincial governors from that time to 1789, upwards of forty were of Scottish birth or descent. Among them may be mentioned: Joseph Morton (1682), Richard Kirle (1684), James Moore, Jr. (1719), William Campbell (1775), John Rutledge (1779), all of South Carolina.
1702 - Under orders from his father, Governor James Moore, Colonel James Moore, Jr. traversed the Georgia coast to mount a land and sea assault on St. Augustine and its northernmost missions. St. Augustine was burned to the ground along with all remaining Guale and Mocama refugee missions.
1704 - Under direction from Governor Edward Tynte, General James Moore (promoted by Governor Sir Nathaniel Johnson) financed a massive expedition against the Apalachee mission province of northwest Florida. Using Uchise Creek allies, staged at Ocmulgee town in central Georgia, he combined English-Indian forces to annihilate the missions, torturing, killing, and enslaving hundreds of Christian Apalachee for sale in Carolina. Other Apalachees agreed to relocate freely to the Carolina frontier along the Savannah River.
James Moore, Jr. was born in Charles Town in 1667 and he died on February 17, 1723 [?-see below] also in Charles Town.
In 1702, Colonel James Moore, Jr. undertook an expedition against the Spaniards in St. Augustine, Florida, that proved unsuccessful and caused a heavy burden on the colony. The next year he commanded an expedition against the Appalachian Indians, who had done great injury in the Cape Fear region, and he completely subdued them. In 1713, he was in charge of the forces that included his brother, Maurice Moore, that were sent by Governor Charles Craven to the aid of the settlers in the Albemarle region of North Carolina, whose lands had been ravaged by the Tuscaroras.
On December 21, 1719, a popular uprising in Charles Town led to a rebellion against the Lords Proprietors and the ejecting of Governor Robert Johnson, who refused an offer by the people to continue to serve as governor under the direct control of the Crown. Upon his dismissal of this idea, the colonists elect James Moore, Jr. as their first elected governor of South Carolina and he agreed to only serve in the name of King George I and to no longer serve the interests of the Lords Proprietors. He remained in office until May 29, 1721, when Sir Francis Nicholson was appointed Provisional Governor by the Crown.
James Moore, Jr. subsequently became Attorney General and Judge of the Admiralty Court, and was Speaker of the 1st Commons House of Assembly under Royal Rule in 1721. He died in office as Speaker on March 3, 1724.
Click Here for information on the Executive Council under Governor James Moore, Jr.
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