Carolina - The Native Americans

The Coree Indians

Coree or Coranine, the meaning of the name is unknown.

As the final stage of the Coree existence was passed with an Algonquian tribe, some have thought that the affiliations of this people were also Algonquian.

On the other hand, Lawson that notes that their language and that of a tribe to the north were mutually intelligible and there is a reason for thinking that this northern tribe belonged to the Iroquois Confederacy. At least the Coree were closely associated in many ways with the Iroquoian Tuscarora.

The Coree lived primarily on the peninsula south of Neuse River in Carteret and Craven Counties - present-day North Carolina.


Coranine, probably on the coast in Cartert County.
Narhantes, among the Tuscarora, 30 miles from New Bern.
Raruta, probably on the coast of Carteret County, south of Neuse River.

When the Coree and the whites first met is unknown, but they appear in the records of the Roanoke colony (1584) under the name Cwarennoc.

They were greatly reduced before 1696 in a war with another people.

The Coree took part with the Tuscarora in their war against the colonists, and in 1715 the remnants of them and what was left of the Machapunga were assigned a reservation on Mattamuskeet Lake in Hyde County, where they occupied one village, probably until they became extinct. A few of them appear to have remained with the Tuscarora.

The population of this tribe and the Neusiok was estimated by Mooney (1928) at 1,000 in 1600.

In 1707, Lawson says they had 25 fighting men and were living in 2 villages. No later enumeration is known.

Although some distance from the Coree country, Core Creek Station in Craven County, NC, may perpetuate the name of the Coree.


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