Carolina - The Native Americans

The Woccon Indians

The meaning of the name Woccon is unknown.

The Woccon belonged to the Siouan linguistic stock, their closest relations being the Catawba.

The Woccon primarily lived between Neuse River and one of its affluents, near present-day Goldsboro, Wayne County, North Carolina.


Tooptatmeer, supposed to have been in Greene County.
Yupwauremau, supposed to have been in Greene County.

The first mention of the Woccon appears to be by Lawson writing about 1701, who recorded 150 words of their language. These show that it was nearer Catawba than any other known variety of speech.

Lack of any earlier mention of such a large tribe lends strength to the theory of Dr. Douglas L. Rights that they were originally the Waccamaw tribe in southeastern North Carolina and northeastern South Carolina. They took part against the whites in the Tuscarora Wars (1711-1715) and were probably extinguished as a tribe at that time, the remnant fleeing north with the Tuscarora, uniting with the Catawba, or combining with other Siouan remnants in the people later known as Croatan.

The number of Woccon was estimated by Mooney (1928) at 600 in 1600.

Lawson gives 120 warriors in 1709.

The sole claim of the Woccon to distinction is from the fact that it is the only one of the southern group of eastern Siouan tribes other than the Catawba from which a vocabulary has been preserved.


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