North Carolina - Legislative Acts Creating Precincts / Counties

An Act for Erecting the District of Washington into a County, by the Name of Washington County.

Laws of North Carolina Passed in 1777, Chapter XXXI

The State Records of North Carolina Volume XXIV - Pages 141-142.

I. Be it Enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the same, That the late District of Washington, and all that Part of this State comprehended within the following Lines, shall be erected into a new and distinct County, by the Name of Washington County, viz. Beginning at the most North Westerly Part of the County of Wilkes, on the Virginia Line; thence running with the Line of Wilkes County, to a Point Thirty Six Miles South of the Virginia Line; thence due West, to the Ridge of the great iron Mountain which heretofore divided the Hunting Grounds of the Overhill Cherokees, from those of the Middle Settlements and Valley; thence running a South Westerly Course, along the said Ridge, to the Unacoy Mountain, where the trading Path crosses the same from the Valley to the Overhills; thence South with the Line of this State, adjoining the State of South Carolina; thence due West, to the great River Mississippi; thence up the said River the Courses thereof, to a Point due West from the Beginning; thence due East with the Line of this State, to the Beginning: And it is hereby declared, that all that Part of this State comprehended within the Lines aforesaid shall from henceforth be and remain the County of Washington, and shall be, and is hereby declared to be Part of the District of Salisbury.

II. And be it further Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, and it is hereby Declared, That all that Part of this State lying West of Rowan County, and South of the County of Washington, shall be, and is hereby declared to be Part of the County of Burke.

III. And for the due Administration of Justice, Be it Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That Justices of the Peace shall be nominated and commissioned, and Courts held in the said County of Washington, in the same Manner, and with the same Powers and Jurisdiction, as Justices and Courts in the other Counties in this State; and that the Courts of the said County of Washington shall be held on the Fourth Mondays in February, May, August, and November.

IV. And be it Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That the said Justices to be appointed for the County of Washington, are hereby directed to meet on the Fourth Monday in February next, at the House of Charles Robertson, and take the Oaths appointed for their Qualification; and the said Justices, or any Three of them, after being so qualified, shall hold a Court at the Place and Times herein before appointed, and every of them, at all Times during their Continuance in Office, as well within their Courts as without, shall have and exercise the same Power and Authority, and be subject to the same Forfeitures and Penalties, as other Justices of the Peace within the several Counties in this State are liable to.

V. And be it further Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That John Carter, Andrew Greer, William Cobb, Jacob Womack, George Russell, John Sevier and James Stuart, Esquires, or a Majority of them, be, and they are hereby appointed Commissioners to lay off and appoint the Place where the Court House, Prison and Stocks, for the Use of the said County of Washington, shall be built, and there to erect, or cause the same to be erected.

VI. And for defraying the Expence of the said Buildings, Be it Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That a Tax of Two Shillings and Six Pence per Hundred Pounds be laid on all the taxable Property which is liable to be assessed in the said County of Washington, and also a poll tax of Two Shillings and Six Pence on every Free man in the said County who shall not possess an Estate of One Hundred Pounds Value of taxable Property (Soldiers in the continental Service or the Service of this State excepted) and that the same shall be assessed and collected by the same Persons, and in the same Manner, as the Public State Tax in the said County; and that the tax to be assessed by Virtue of this Act, when assessed and collected, shall be paid into the Hands of the Commissioners herein named for erecting the Public Buildings; and on Nonpayment of the Tax to be collected in Virtue of this Act from the several Collectors thereof, the said Collectors shall be liable to the same Penalties as for other Public Taxes, and the said Commissioners shall be intitled to the same Mode of Recovery against the said Collectors, as the Public Treasurers are intitled to have against them on Non-Payment of the Public Taxes.

VII. And be it further Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That if the Tax to be assessed by Virtue of this Act should be more than sufficient to complete the said Public Buildings, the Overplus remaining in the Hands of the said Commissioners shall be applied to the defraying the contingent Charges of the County.

VIII. And be it Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That the Sheriff of the said County of Washington is hereby impowered and directed to account for and pay the Money by him collected for the Purpose of building the aforesaid Court House, Prison and Stocks, to the Commissioners aforesaid, after deducting his Commissions for collecting the same.

IX. And be it further Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That the Commissioners herein before appointed, or a Majority of them, are hereby impowered and directed to employ Workmen to build the Court House, Prison and Stocks, in the said County of Washington; and the Court of the said County shall and may be held at the House of Charles Robertson, in the said County, until the Court House shall be built, and immediately after the same is built shall stand adjourned to the Court House.

X. And be it further Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That the County of Washington shall be intitled to the same Privileges and Immunities as other Counties in this State.

Read Three Times and ratified in General Assembly the Twenty-fourth Day of December, 1777.

SAMUEL ASHE, S. S.
ABNER NASH, S. C..



© 2019 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved