Nash County, North Carolina

Year Established

County Seat

Significance of County Name

Population (2010)



Francis Nash


Legislative Act Creating County

First Settled / By

County Evolution by Decade

Official County Website

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1730s / Settlers of Edgecombe County

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Historical Post Offices

American Revolution

American Civil War

Significant Education Events

Alphabetical / Date Started

Battles & Skirmishes / Militia

Coming Later

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Airports in Nash County

Maps of Nash County

Books About Nash County

Genealogy Sources

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A History of Nash County

Nash County Office Building

The Act establishing Nash County provided that the first court be held at the home of Micajah Thomas, and all subsequent courts at a place to be decided upon by the justices of the peace until the court house could be erected. The Act also named commissioners to select a site for the county seat. This first court house was to be on "Peach Tree." In 1782, the funds for constructing the public buildings were inadequate and additional taxes were levied. The county seat was called Nash Court House. In 1815, An act was passed naming commissioners to locate the center of the county and purchase fifty acres of land on which to erect a court house. Other commissioners were named to lay out the town of Nashville and to have the court house constructed. Court was ordered to be held at the old court house until the new building was finished. There was much bickering and dissatisfaction among the citizens concerning the location of the court house between 1815 and 1825. Finally, Nashville was satisfactorily agreed upon and has continued to be the county seat to this day.
Nash County was formed in 1777 from the western part of Edgecombe County. Located in the northeast section of the state, it is bounded by Edgecombe, Wilson, Johnston, Franklin, and Halifax counties. It was named for Brigadier General Francis Nash (1742-77), of Hillsborough, a soldier who was mortally-wounded while fighting under General George Washington at the battle of Germantown, PA during the American Revolution. Nashville, the county seat, was settled in 1780 and chartered in 1815. First land grants in the area date back to 1743. 

After the American Revolution, which touched the county only slightly, Nash County settled down to a pace that made it one of the state's leading farm areas. Since the American Civil War, it has been known primarily as a leading agricultural county, but it has experienced steady industrial growth since that time. Currently, only 2.4% of the total employment within the county is classified as agricultural. However, Nash County ranks eighth in area devoted to farmland in North Carolina.

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