The American Revolution in North Carolina

Mecklenburg County Regiment of Militia
1st Mecklenburg County Regiment of Militia (11/7/1779 to 3Q 1780)

Date Established:


Original Officers (9/9/1775):

May 31, 1775

Col. Thomas Polk
Col. Adam Alexander
Col. George Alexander
Col. William Lee Davidson
Col. Robert Irwin
Col. Caleb Phifer

Col. Thomas Polk
Lt. Col. Adam Alexander
1st Maj. John Phifer
2nd Maj. John Davidson

Known Lt. Colonels:

Known Majors: 

Known Adjutants:

Lt. Col. Adam Alexander
Lt. Col. John William Hagan
Lt. Col. John Irwin
Lt. Col. Robert Irwin
Lt. Col. Caleb Phifer
Lt. Col. John Phifer
Lt. Col. William Polk
Lt. Col. Peter Rogers

1st Maj. John Phifer
2nd Maj. John Davidson
Maj. George Alexander
Maj. John Brownfield
Maj. Joseph Graham
Maj. Arthur Harris
Maj. James Harris
Maj. Ben Heannis
Maj. John Phifer
Maj. William Polk
Maj. James Rutherford
Maj. James White
Maj. William White
Maj. Robert Wilson
Maj. John Wyatt

John Clark
John L. Davies
Joseph Graham
William Queery
James White

Miscellaneous Players:

James R. Alexander - Surgeon

Thomas Grier - Commissary

John Huggins - Wagon Master

William Lemmond - Clerk & Surgeon

James Maxwell - QM

Andrew Walker - QM

Known Captains:

Andrew Alexander

Charles Alexander

Ezra Alexander

James Alexander

John McNitt Alexander

Stephen Alexander

Thomas Alexander

William Alexander

William Barnett

James Barns

John Barringer

Matthias Beaver

Frederick Blither

? Brevard

John Brownfield

William Brownfield

Peter Burns

James Byers

Joseph Chinn

Jacob Collins

Robert Cook

Robert Craighead

? Cromisle

John Davidson

William Richardson Davie

Robert Davis

Samuel Flanagan

John Foster

Henry Fullenwider

William Ganns

William Gardner

James Garner

Samuel Givens

Thomas Givens

Christopher Goodwin

Joseph Graham

John William Hagan

James Harris

John Harris

Thomas Harris

Conrad Hise

Isaac Houston

James Houston

Robert Houston

William Houston

James Huggins

William Huggins

John Irby

Robert Irwin

James Jack

James Knox

Patrick Knox

James Ligert

John Lippard

? Magrath

James Nathaniel Martin

Nathaniel Marshall Martin

Samuel Martin

James Maxwell

Samuel Mayben

Robert Mayberry

Matthew McClure

Archibald McCurdy

John McFalls

Charles McKee

Robert McKnight

? McNulty

John McRee

Francis Miller

Neal Morrison

William Nesbitt

Nathan Orr

James Osborn

? Parks

Hugh Parks

? Patterson

Samuel Patton

John Penninger

Luke Petty

Caleb Phifer

Frederick Plyler

Charles Polk

John Polk

Robert Porter

Jonathan Potts

Thomas Ray

David Reed

George Reed

James Reed

James Reese

John Rogers

James Rutherford

Moses Shelby

Thomas Shelby

? Sigert

? Simmerson

Robert Smith

Robert Smith

William Smith

John Springs

Richard Springs

John Springsteel

? Steel

John Sterns

Joseph Taggert

James Thompson

? Walker

Andrew Walker

John Welsh

James White

John White

Oliver Wiley

David Wilson

Jeremiah Wilson

John Wilson

Samuel Wilson

Zaccheus Wilson

Known Lieutenants - Captain Unknown:

William Ross

Andrew Baxter, Jr.

? Elliott

Known Ensigns - Captain Unknown:


James McClure


Known Sergeants - Captain Unknown:

Moses Justice

John Wilson

Zaccheus Wilson


John Young


Known Privates / Fifers / Drummers, etc. - Captain Unknown:

John Alexander

George Bast

Joseph Cowan

Jessey Dobson

Dennis Doyle

William Elliott

John Ferrell

William Fourlove

Caleb Holbrook

David Johnston

Joseph Kennedy

Joseph Kerr

Thomas Lackey

John Linton

Richard Martin

Charles McKinley

Robert Reed

George Reese

Ezekiel Rogers

William Scott

James Wallace

Samuel White


Michael Winsloss

Brief History of the Regiment:

On September 9, 1775, the Provincial Congress authorized thirty-five (35) existing county Militias to be organized. All officers were appointed and commissioned by the Provincial Congress.

On November 7, 1779, the NC General Assembly approved splitting Mecklenburg County into two separate Regiments of Militia, and they appointed Col. Caleb Phifer as the commanding officer of the newly-created 2nd Mecklenburg County Regiment. This regiment remained in operation until around 3Q of 1780. The exact date of its abandonment is not currently known, but it was around the time of Gates's Defeat at the battle of Camden, SC in August of 1780, or soon thereafter.

In September of 1780, Lt. Col. William Polk was authorized to create his own unit, known as Polk's Regiment of Light Dragoons, but it was subordinated to the Mecklenburg County Regiment of Militia until April 1, 1781, when it was sanctioned as South Carolina State Troops under Brig. Gen. Thomas Sumter.

The Mecklenburg County Regiment was active until the end of the war. Units of this regiment were known to have participated in the following known battles/skirmishes:


Known Battles / Skirmishes:


Great Cane Brake (SC)


Snow Campaign (SC)


Moore's Creek Bridge


Fort Moultrie #1 (SC)


Cherokee Expedition 1776


Briar Creek (GA)


Stono Ferry (SC)


Siege of Charleston 1780 (SC)


Moncks Corner #1 (SC)


Ramseur's Mill


Beaver Creek Ford (SC)


Colson's Mill


Rocky Mount (SC)


Hanging Rock (SC)


Little Lynches Creek (SC)


Camden (SC)


Fishing Creek (SC)


Cane Creek


Battle of the Bees


Kings Mountain (SC)


Rugeley's Mill #2 (SC)


Cowpens (SC)


Cowan's Ford


Tarrant's Tavern


Trading Ford


Shallow Fords of the Yadkin


Hart's Mill


Fort Granby #1 (SC)


Haw River


Clapp's Mill #1


Clapp's Mill #2


Whitesell's Mill


Guilford Court House


Hobkirk's Hill (SC)


Rockfish Creek


Beatti's Bridge


Eutaw Springs (SC)

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