The American Revolution in North Carolina

Robert Howe

Colonel over the Brunswick County Regiment of Militia - 1775
Colonel over the 2nd NC Regiment - 1775-1776
Brigadier General in the NC Continental Line - 1776-1777
Major General in the US Continental Line - 1777-1783

In early 1775, Robert Howe was the Colonel/Commandant over the Brunswick County Regiment of Militia. On July 18, 1775, Col. Robert Howe led the Brunswick County Regiment of Militia and seized Fort Johnston from the British commander, Capt. John Collett.

On September 1, 1775, the NC Provincial Congress appointed Robert Howe as Colonel/Commandant over the newly-created 2nd NC Regiment. This unit is considered Provincial Troops until November 28, 1775, when the Continental Congress accepted them onto the Continental Line. Col. Robert Howe led the 2nd NC Regiment at the battles of Great Bridge, VA (12/9/1775) and Norfolk, VA (1/1/1776).

On April 10, 1776, the NC Provincial Congress commissioned Robert Howe as a Brigadier General in the NC Continental Line. He was given command of the 2nd NC Brigade, which included the existing 1st NC Regiment, the existing 2nd NC Regiment, and the newly-created 3rd NC Regiment. Brig. Gen. Robert Howe led the 2nd NC Brigade at the battles of Fort Moultrie, SC (6/28/1776) and the Florida Expedition of 1776.

Upon the death of Brig. Gen. James Moore in April of 1777, Brig. Gen. Robert Howe was appointed as the Commandant over the Southern Department of the Continental Army. He maintained his headquarters in Charlestown, SC.

On October 20, 1777, the Continental Congress commissioned Robert Howe as a Major General and he continued as the Commandant over the Southern Department of the Continental Army in Charlestown, SC. Maj. Gen. Robert Howe led the Southern Department against the British who had recently seized Savannah, GA in late December of 1778. He and his much smaller army were quickly defeated, and Maj. Gen. Robert Howe soon marched northward to join up with General George Washington. The Continental Congress had already approved replacing Maj. Gen. Robert Howe with Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, who arrived along the Savannah River in South Carolina in early 1779.

Beginning in 1779, Maj. Gen. Robert Howe served with General George Washington on the Hudson River in New York, commanded troops protecting the Connecticut border at Ridgefield, and in 1780, commanded Fort West Point, also in New York.

Robert Howe was born in 1732 in New Hanover (what became Brunswick) County, NC. He died at his home in Brunswick County on December 14, 1786.


Click Here for a decent online biography of Robert Howe provided by northcarolinahistory.org.

Click Here for another decent online biography of Robert Howe provided by Wikipedia.com.



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