The American Revolution in North Carolina

Thomas Clark

Major in the 1st NC Regiment (NC Continental Line) - 1775-1776
Lt. Colonel in the 1st NC Regiment - 1776-1777
Colonel over the 1st NC Regiment - 1777-1778 & 1780-1783
Colonel over the 5th NC Regiment - 1779

On September 1, 1775, the NC Provincial Congress appointed Thomas Clark as a Major under Col. James Moore in the 1st NC Regiment, which was considered Provincial Troops at that point in time. On November 28, 1775, the Continental Congress authorized this regiment to be placed on the Continental Line. Maj. Thomas Clark led part of the 1st NC Regiment at the battle of Moore's Creek Bridge on February 27, 1776.

On April 10, 1776, the NC Provincial Congress appointed Thomas Clark as a Lt. Colonel under Col. Francis Nash in the 1st NC Regiment (NC Continental Line). Both were promoted because James Moore was promoted to Brigadier General. Lt. Col. Thomas Clark was with his regiment at the battle of Breach Inlet, SC (aka battle of Sullivan's Island) on June 28, 1776.

On February 5, 1777, the Continental Congress promoted Thomas Clark to Colonel/Commandant over the 1st NC Regiment, upon the promotion of Francis Nash to Brigadier General. Col. Thomas Clark led the 1st NC Regiment at the battles of Brandywine Creek, PA (9/11/1777) and Germantown, PA (10/4/1777).

In early 1778, the dwindling 6th NC Regiment was folded into the 1st NC Regiment, with Col. Thomas Clark still in command. Since there were no longer any North Carolina brigadier generals, Col. Thomas Clark was given command of the entire NC Brigade on May 15, 1778 and placed under General George Washington. On June 28, 1778, Col. Thomas Clark led the NC Brigade under Maj. Gen. LaFayette at the battle of Monmouth, NJ.

During 1779, there was a shakeup of leadership in the NC Continental Line. Col. Thomas Clark was given command of the recreated 5th NC Regiment, which was now in the Southern Theater under Brig. Gen. Jethro Sumner. Lt. Col. William Lee Davidson was given command of the 1st NC Regiment, which was still in the Norhtern Theather. Col. Thomas Clark led the 5th NC Regiment at the battle of Stono Ferry, SC on June 28, 1779, where he was wounded. By the end of 1779, the 5th NC Regiment had dissipated and was abandoned, never to be resurrected.

In early 1780, Col. Thomas Clark was given command of the 1st NC Regiment (NC Continental Line) once again, which was now back in the Southern Theater. This regiment was captured when the town of Charlestown, SC was surrendered on May 12, 1780 and Col. Thomas Clark was a POW. He was not released until November 26, 1782. He retired on January 1, 1783 and accepted half pay for life.

Thomas Clark, son of Thomas Clark and Barbara Murray, was born in August of 1741 in Wilmington, NC. In 1782, he married Sarah Moore Nash, the widow of Brig. Gen. Francis Nash, but she died within a year later. On September 30, 1783, he was promoted to Brigadier General by the NC General Assembly. On October 23, 1783, the Society of Cincinatti was formed at Hillsborough, with Jethro Sumner as its first president and Thomas Clark as its first vice-president. He died on December 25, 1792 at Point Repose Plantation.




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