The American Revolution in North Carolina

2nd North Carolina Regiment

Date Established:

Commanders:

Original Officers:

September 1, 1775

Col. Robert Howe
Col. Alexander Martin
Col. John Patten

Col. Robert Howe
Lt. Col. Alexander Martin
Maj. John Patten

Known Lt. Colonels:

Known Majors:

Lt. Col. Alexander Martin
Lt. Col. John Patten
Lt. Col. Selby Harney
Lt. Col. Henry "Hal" Dixon
Lt. Col. Hardy Murfree

Maj. John Patten
Maj. John White

Maj. Hardy Murfree
Maj. Reading Blount

Known Regimental Adjutants:

 William Bush

Thomas Evans

John Ingles

-

John White

-

Known Quarter Masters:

Arthur Boyce

Joseph Brevard

James Campbell

John Daves

John Hall

Abel McPherson

-

Stephen Slade

-

Miscellaneous Players:

Jacob Blount - Paymaster

Thomas Bull - Surgeon's Mate

Richard Fenner - Paymaster

James Fergus - Surgeon

Robert Flounder - Paymaster

James West Green - Surgeon's Mate, Surgeon

William McClure - Surgeon

William Pasteur - Surgeon

James Salter - Commissary

Robert Salter - Commissary

-

John Spicer - Paymaster

Known Captains:

Charles Allen

James Armstrong

John Armstrong

Thomas Armstrong

James Blount

Simon Bright

Samuel Budd

Benjamin Carter

Benjamin Andrew Coleman

John Craddock

Charles Crawford

Tilghman Dixon

Thomas Evans

Robert Fenner

William Fenner

Robert Flounder

James Gardner

Robert Gaston

James Gee

William Goodman

Christopher Goodwin

Richard Graham

Joshua Hadley

Clement Hall

John Herritage

John Ingles

Nathaniel Keais

William Knox

James Martin

Samuel Martin

Hardy Murfree

Michael Payne

Robert Raiford

Jesse Read

Thomas Standing

Charles Stewart

Manlove Tarrant

Joseph Tate

Henry Irwin Toole

Edward Vail, Jr.

John Walker

John White

-

Benjamin Williams

-

Known Lieutenants - Captain Unknown:

 Richard Andrews

Benjamin Bailey

Robert Beavans

Gideon Bonny

Benjamin Bryan

Blake Chace

Anthony Crutcher

James Dillon

Robert Fenner

William Fenner

William Gardner

James Gee

John Grainger

Richard Mason

James Miller

Clement Nash

Robert Smith

Thomas Standing

Charles Stewart

Nicholas Stewart

James Sutton

Edward Vail, Jr.

William Walker

John Williams

-

Joseph Worth

-

Known Ensigns - Captain Unknown:

John Bickerstaff

James Clinch

James Cook

Arthur Crenshaw

Thomas Evans

William Gardner

Samuel Jones

William Tyler Kilbey

Richard Mason

Joseph McClammy

John Oliver

Whitmell Pugh

Samuel Smith

Thomas Standing

William Tocksey

Henry Visson

John Woodhouse

Joseph Worth

Known Sergeants - Captain Unknown:

Thomas Garrott

Henry Johnson

Thomas Jones

Stephen Slade

Joel Wall

George Williams

Known Corporals - Captain Unknown:

James Bundy

Josiah Lilley

John Mardsay

Reddick Smith

-

Josiah Stringer

Known Privates / Fifers / Drummers, etc. - Captain Unknown:

Willis Barrow

John Bartholomew

William Boyd

Benjamin Bridges

Mason Broom

Charles Burke

Robert Chumney

Shubal Clagburn

Elijah Cotton

Duncan Curry

Thomas Davidson

William Defnel

Michael Delaney

Abraham Denny

John Dew

Christopher Eaton

Jabesh Elliot

Robert Fenner

Isaac Fonvielle

James Griffin

John Gunnell

Thomas Harrison

Thomas Harry

Willis Hastings

Frederick Hathcock

Zachariah Hathcock

Archibald Henderson

Jacob Hewling

John Hill

Archibald Hood

Solomon Howard

Zachariah Johnson

Philip Jones

Thomas Jones

Jesse Lane

Amos Lewis

Valentine Lucas

Joseph McGraw

Michael McKeel

Abel McPherson

Daniel Miller

Henry Miller

William Miller

James Moore

Joseph Phillips

William Pope

James Purdy

William Reasons

William Robinson

Major Russell

Benjamin Simmons

William Spain

James Stewart

Josiah Stringer

John Thomas

William Thomas

Sutton Truelock

Willie Upton

Joel Wall

John Wallace

John Warner

Jacob White, Jr.

Jacob White, Sr.

John Wood

-

Jesse Woolard

Brief History of Regiment:

On September 1, 1775, North Carolina's 1,000 provincials were arranged in two regiments, each consisting of three field officers, an adjutant, and ten companies. The companies assembled at Salisbury beginning in October. 

On November 28, 1775 the Continental Congress ordered both North Carolina regiments reorganized on the new Continental eight-company structure, and this was completed by January 4th, 1776. It was now officially on the Continental Line.

On February 27, 1776, the 2nd NC Regiment was assigned to the Southern Department. On February 5, 1777, it was reassigned to the Northern Department. On July 8, 1777, it was assigned to the NC Brigade, an element of the Northern Department.

On June 1, 1778, it was reorganized to consist of nine (9) companies.

On July 19, 1779, the NC Brigade, including the 2nd NC Regiment, was re-assigned to the Highlands Department. The NC Brigade was then re-assigned on November 11, 1779 to the Southern Department and all regiments were marched to Charlestown, SC.

May 12, 1780, the 2nd NC Regiment surrendered 301 men to the British Army at the Fall of Charlestown, SC.

Reconstituted from April to July of 1781, with detachments being hurriedly sent to South Carolina to support Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene. As men were recruited, they were assembled and marched southward, usually with no uniforms and with no arms or ammunition. Ultimately, the 2nd NC Regiment again became part of the NC Brigade (one and only one), an element of the Southern Department.

The regiment was furloughed on January 1, 1783 at James Island, South Carolina and officially disbanded on November 15, 1783.


The Second North Carolina Regiment was formed by order of the North Carolina Provincial Congress on September 1, 1775. Intended originally as one of two 500-man provincial defense units, the regiment was taken into the newly organized Continental Line on November 28, 1775. As a Continental Line unit, the regiment would be under the command of and paid by the Continental Congress rather than the NC Provincial Congress.

The 1775 regulations called for a Continental Line Regiment to consist of 728 men divided into eight companies. Each company was to have a captain, two lieutenants, one ensign, four sergeants, four corporals, two drummers or fifers, and 76 privates.

From December of 1775 to May of 1777, all North Carolina Regiments remained in the South. The 2nd NC Regiment served in Virginia at the siege of Norfolk and also had detachments in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. They were assigned to guard the coast from British invasion and to help round up the local Loyalists. Detachments of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th NC Regiments were at the defense of Charlestown, SC in June 1776.

In May of 1777, the 2nd NC Regment, as part of the NC Brigade (which now consisted of nine regiments), was ordered north to join the troops under General George Washington. The NC Brigade marched through Williamsburg and Richmond, Virginia, and paused at Alexandria to undergo inoculations for Smallpox. By July, the NC Brigade was in New Jersey. In July and August, the troops were marched northward into New Jersey and then again south to Wilmington, Delaware to help counter a British thrust toward Philadelphia from the south.

The NC Brigade was at the battle of Brandywine, PA on September 11, 1777, but saw little action as it had been assigned to the reserves under Major General Nathanael Greene. However, men from the NC Brigade serving in the recently organized Corps of Light Infantry did see heavy action during the battle as they defended Chadd's Ford.

On October 4, 1777, the NC Brigade was in the battle of Germantown, PA where it again formed the reserve along with the Corps of Light Infantry. When called up, the NC Brigade saw intense fighting in which its commander, Brigadier General Francis Nash, had his leg nearly shot off by a British cannon ball. Nash died on October 9th and was buried with full military honors along with several other NC officers killed in the battle.

The actions at Brandywine and Germantown left the NC Regiments in need of a commanding general as well as other field officer positions. Disagreements as to who should receive promotions caused many officers to resign their commissions and return to North Carolina. Eventually a system of promotions within regiments and the NC Brigade was established, however the command of the NC Brigade was given to Brigadier General Lachlan McIntoch of Georgia as it went into winter quarters with the rest of the Continental Army at Valley Forge, PA.

Troop returns for the NC Brigade at Valley Forge for January of 1778 give an idea of the suffering they endured. Out of 1,188 men, 323 were listed as sick and 249 as unfit for duty for want of clothing. General George Washington declared that the NC Brigade was sicklier, for want of clothing and provisions, than any other unit at Valley Forge. The nine NC Regiments were so under-strength they were consolidated into four regiments with the men of the 4th Regiment being reassigned to the 2nd Regiment.

In June of 1778, the 2nd NC Regiment fought in the battle of Monmouth, NJ as part of Scott's division in LaFayette's brigade. During the remainder of the year, it was stationed at various posts around the Hudson River Highlands and at West Point. Although no major battles occurred, the men saw constant skirmishing with British foraging parties.

In July of 1779, the Light Infantry companies of the 1st and 2nd NC Regiments were an important part of the assault on the British fort at Stony Point, NY. The NC Light Infantry companies were commanded by Major Hardee Murfee of the 2nd NC Regiment. They were to make a diversionary frontal attack on the fort while the main columns, using only bayonet, attacked the fort from the flanks. In less than half an hour the fort was taken. The British lost 63 killed, 70 wounded, and 543 taken prisoner. American losses were light with only 15 killed and 83 wounded.

After Stony Point, the NC Regiments were stationed on Constitution Island in the Hudson River at West Point. As it became clear the British would make the southern colonies their next objective, the NC Brigade was ordered south in November of 1779. Marching in bitter winter, with snow at times three feet deep, the NC Brigade reached Charlestown, SC on March 3, 1780. The British army laid siege to the city. After two months, and with no hope of relief, Major General Benjamin Lincoln surrendered the city to the British. Over 5,000 men of the Southern Army were taken prisoner by the British. This included all the NC Continental Line regiments then in the field.

In August of 1781, a new 2nd NC Regiment was raised at Salisbury, NC. Poorly-uniformed and armed largely with personal weapons, the new 2nd NC Regment was soon in action at the Battle of Eutaw Springs, South Carolina on September 8, 1781. During this engagement, NC Continental Regiments suffered greater losses than any other of the units engaged.

After Lt. General Charles, Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia on October 19, 1781, the NC Regiments diminished rapidly as enlistments expired and it became evident that the war was drawing to a close. Near the end of 1782, most of the NC troops were ordered home. Effective January 1, 1783, all remaining NC Continentals were consolidated into a single regiment, ostensibly the 1st NC Regiment, essentially eliminating all other NC Continental regiments, including the 2nd NC Regiment. By June of 1783, these remaining troops were furloughed at James Island, SC while awaiting the final signing of the peace treaty with Great Britain.

The 2nd North Carolina Regiment of the Continental Line was officially disbanded on November 15, 1783.

Date(s):

Known Battles / Skirmishes:

12/9/1775

Great Bridge (VA)

12/22/1775

Great Cane Brake (SC)

12/23-12/30/1775

Snow Campaign (SC)

1/1/1776

Norfolk (VA)

2/27/1776

Moore's Creek Bridge

4/6/1776

Brunswick Town #1

6/28/1776

Fort Moultrie #1 (SC)

9/1776

Florida Expedition

9/11/1777

Brandywine Creek (PA)

10/4/1777

Germantown (PA)

6/28/1778

Monmouth (NJ)

5/16/1779

Near West Point (NY)

5/31/1779

Fort Lafayette (NY)

7/15/1779

Stony Point (NY)

5/7/1780

Fort Moultrie #2 (SC)

3/28-5/12/1780

Siege of Charleston 1780 (SC)

9/8/1781

Eutaw Springs (SC)

8/25/1782

Combahee Ferry (SC)


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