The American Revolution in North Carolina

7th North Carolina Regiment

Date Established:

Commanders:

Original Officers:

November 26, 1776

Col. James Hogun
-

Col. James Hogun
Lt. Col. Robert Mebane
Maj. Lott Brewster

Known Lt. Colonels:

Known Majors:

Lt. Col. Robert Mebane
Lt. Col. William Lee Davidson

Maj. Lott Brewster

Maj. William Fenner

Known Regimental Adjutants:

William Beeks

-

Abraham Dawes

Known Quarter Masters:

Henry Cooper

Josiah Dawes

Hardy Hardison

Miscellaneous Players:

John Baker - Paymaster

Hardy Bryan - Commissary

William Cox - Paymaster

Isaac Guion - Paymaster

Hanse Hamilton - Surgeon

James Harvey - Paymaster

Known Captains:

John Baker

Green Bell

Thomas Brickell

Josiah Cotton

Henry Dawson

Joshua Dayley

Eli Ely

Lemuel Ely

John Macon

John McGlaughan

John Poynter

James Vaughan

Joseph Walker

-

Hudson Whitaker

Known Lieutenants - Captain Unknown:

 William Beeks

-

James Dillon

Known Ensigns - Captain Unknown:

Davis Grandy 

John L. Hare

Nathaniel Nuthall

Known Sergeants - Captain Unknown:

William Beeks 

Matthias Brickall

Hardy Hardison

William Parker

-

Samuel Platt

Known Corporals - Captain Unknown:

 -

None

-

Known Privates / Fifers / Drummers, etc. - Captain Unknown:

John Chester 

Jonathan Pearson

Hiram Pendleton

-

John Ralph

-

Brief History of Regiment:

The 7th North Carolina Regiment was authorized on November 26, 1776 and assigned to the Southern Department. It was first placed in the 1st NC Brigade under Brigadier General James Moore. On February 5, 1777, it was placed in the 3rd NC Brigade under the newly-appointed Brigadier General Francis Nash. Upon the death of Brigadier General James Moore on April 15th, and the subsequent appointment of Brigadier General Robert Howe to assume leadership of the Southern Department in Charlestown, the NC Continental Line was entirely under a singular general, Brigadier General Francis Nash, who simply led was was known as the NC Brigade. It soon marched northward.

The 7th North Carolina Regiment was organized during the Spring and Summer of 1777 at Halifax, NC. It included eight companies from the Halifax and Edenton Districts. On July 8, 1777, it was officially assigned to the NC Brigade, an element of the Northern Department - it arrived in September of 1777 and stationed at West Point, NY. The 7th NC Regiment was soon engaged at the battles of Brandywine Creek and Germantown, both in Pennsylvania.

Upon the death of Brigadier General Francis Nash as a result of his severe wounds at the Battle of Germantown, the 7th NC Regiment, along with all other NC Continental regiments in the Northern Theater, was placed under the command of Major General Alexander McDougall of New York. On December 20, 1777, the NC Continental Line was placed under Brigadier General Lachlan McIntosh of Georgia, and they were encamped at Valley Forge in Pennsylvania for that brutal winter.

On May 15, 1778, the NC Continental Line was led by Col. Thomas Clark (of the 1st NC Regiment) and placed under Major General Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette - simply known as Lafayette.

On May 29, 1778, Continental Congress ordered the reorganization of all NC regiments due to low numbers in their ranks. The 7th NC Regiment was essentially disbanded on June 1, 1778, and all field officers were sent back to North Carolina to refill the ranks. Most captains simply resigned; a few transferred to other Northern Theater NC Continental regiments.

Col. James Hogun managed to take advantage of the confusion surrounding the enlistment and assignment of the recently-created "New Levies," and during July and August he assembled over 600 men into his newly-resurrected 7th NC Regiment. By the end of August they were in Philadelphia on their way to West Point, New York, where they were placed on work detail. Most of the weapons brought from North Carolina were in such poor condition that they could not be used in battle. General George Washington procured 400 muskets from Albany for them. To date, not a single captain, lieutenant, or ensign of the resurrected 7th NC Regiment of late 1778 to early 1779 is known, except for Ensign Nathaniel Nuthall, captain not known.

In early September of 1778, the North Carolina Brigade (still under Col. Thomas Clark) is placed under Major General Baron DeKalb.

Col. James Hogun and his rag-tag 7th NC Regiment was sent to Philadelphia to support Major General Benedict Arnold, who requested two more regiments of Continentals. General George Washington explained why he sent Col. Hogun, "They are a tender set of people, but illy-provided with Cloathing and therefore require warm quarters." Leaving his sick behind, Col. Hogun withdrew from the Hudson River around the middle of December and marched his 7th NC Regiment into Philadelphia - arriving there on January 19, 1779.

In the meantime, on January 9, 1779, the Continental Congress appointed James Hogun as a new Brigadier General, and he was placed over all NC Continentals in the Northern Theater as the 1st NC Brigade. Jethro Sumner was appointed as another new Brigadier General and placed over all NC Continentals in the Southern Theater as the 2nd NC Brigade.

Also in January of 1779, Col. Thomas Clark was ordered to take what was left of the 7th NC Regiment, plus the few "New Levies" that made it northward before orders were given for them to stop, and re-establish the 5th NC Regiment in the Southern Theater. Parts of the defunct 7th NC Regiment were also folded into the ever-rebuilding 3rd NC Regiment now under Lt. Col. Robert Mebane.

The 7th NC Regiment was now dissolved, never to be resurrected.

Date(s):

Known Battles / Skirmishes:

9/11/1777

Brandywine Creek (PA)

10/4/1777

Germantown (PA)


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