The American Revolution in North Carolina

March 10, 1775

September 15, 1775

October 25, 1775

November 28, 1775

December 22, 1775

February 27, 1776

May 15, 1776

June 15, 1776

November 30, 1776

December 31, 1776

February 15, 1777

May 1, 1777

August 1, 1777

October 15, 1777

December 20, 1777

May 10, 1778

August 17, 1778

February 15, 1779

June 1, 1779

December 31, 1779

May 12, 1780

August 16, 1780

February 15, 1781

August 10, 1781

April 24, 1782

June 15, 1782

January 15, 1783

May 15, 1783


On September 5th, the NC General Assembly convened in New Bern. During this session, they established a new "Board of War," which was given complete authority to prosecute all aspects of the war effort for the state of North Carolina. Although this session of the General Assembly was quite short, they managed to almost totally destroy the morale of all North Carolina troops.

Also on September 5th, the NC General Assembly established a new regiment of Light Horse, the NC State Cavalry-Western District, led by Col. William Richardson Davie of Mecklenburg County. Many historians consider this unit as Militia, but since many of his officers came from all across the State, however, most agree that this unit should be considered as State Troops.

During this short session, the General Assembly decided to cast aside Major General Richard Caswell and they appointed Maryland Brigadier General William Smallwood to lead all North Carolina Militia units (he was soon promoted to Major General). The General Assembly also "twisted the arm" of NC Continental Brigadier General Jethro Sumner to take command of many already-fielded Militia units that had barely missed the recent battle of Camden, SC. Sumner was ordered to march to the Salisbury District and remain on alert in that region. Not long after Smallwood's appointment, Sumner decided he could not serve under a non-North Carolinian officer, so he resigned on October 15th.

Also on September 5th, the General Assembly appointed Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) William Lee Davidson to take over the Salisbury District Brigade of Militia since Griffith Rutherford was a prisoner at St. Augustine. They conventiently forgot that the Council of State had recently appointed Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) Henry William Harrington, and no one bothered to inform Harrington that Davidson now had command. So, for several months there were actually two Brigadier Generals (Pro Tempore) leading the Salisbury District Brigade of Militia. Harrington finally resigned in December in utter disgust, never to return to active duty in any North Carolina military unit.

Brigadier General Isaac Gregory was ordered to raise a large contingent of Militia and to march them to the western part of the state. Since he was still recuperating from his wounds at the battle of Camden, SC, Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) Thomas Benbury was appointed to oversee the Edenton District Brigade of Militia while Gregory was recuperating. Since it took so long to assemble the new recruits, Benbury was ordered to stop at Hillsborough and to await further orders. It was rumored that Lt. General Charles, Lord Cornwallis was planning to leave South Carolina and enter North Carolina. All eyes were on Charlotte or Salisbury. Harrington was convinced that Cross Creek was the British objective.

There were now 50 counties with 51 regiments of Militia.

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