The American Revolution in North Carolina

March 10, 1775

September 15, 1775

October 25, 1775

November 28, 1775

December 22, 1775

February 27, 1776

May 15, 1776

June 15, 1776

November 30, 1776

December 31, 1776

February 15, 1777

May 1, 1777

August 1, 1777

October 15, 1777

December 20, 1777

May 10, 1778

August 17, 1778

February 15, 1779

June 1, 1779

December 31, 1779

May 12, 1780

August 16, 1780

September 10, 1780

February 15, 1781

April 24, 1782

June 15, 1782

January 15, 1783

May 15, 1783


On March 15th, the British defeated the Patriots at the battle of Guilford Court House, but they lost so many men that Lt. General, Charles Lord Cornwallis decided he needed to re-equip his men. He soon went to Wilmington and rested his tired army. He soon decided to abandon the Carolinas and to go link up with other British units in Virginia, hoping to split the South at that location. He was out of North Carolina by the middle of May. However, Maj. James H. Craig continued his occupation of Wilmington until mid-November.

With Lord Cornwallis out of the Carolinas, Major General Nathanael Greene turned his focus on retaking South Carolina and Georgia away from the dwindling British forces. North Carolina slowly reconstituted its Continental Line and provided large numbers of Militiamen in support of Major General Greene's objective. By August of 1781, the NC Continental Line included four regiments, but none were true regiments, many units had only a handful of poorly-trained and poorly-clothed men.

On June 23rd, the NC General Assembly convened at Bloomsbury (Wake Court House), and during this session they finally got around to completing their official business for the first time since the Fall of Charleston, SC in May of 1780. In July, the General Assembly authorized the re-instantiation of the NC State Regiment, primarily created to suppress Loyalist activities that had sprung up during Lord Cornwallis's march through the state. This regiment was led by Col. Benjamin Williams of Johnston County. They also authorized a new NC State Legion - a regiment containing both Infanty and Light Horse, led by Col. Robert Smith of Lincoln County. Some claim this latter unit was only Militia, but again, since it contained officers and men from all across the state, most consider it to be State Troops.

Sometime during August, Brigadier General Griffith Rutherford had been exchanged and was either on his way back home or already home (this author is unsure of the exact date he got home). Brigadier General Rutherford quickly decided it was time for British Maj. James H. Craig to be removed from Wilmington, so he quietly planned the upcoming "Wilmington Expedition," which included time for training - what a concept !

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