|Date Born: June 12, 1874||
Date Died: August 7, 1953
|Place Born: Laurens County, SC||
Place Buried: Laurens City Cemetery
|Residence: Laurens County, SC||
Polytechnic Institute, San German, Puerto Rico
South Carolina House of Representatives: 1901-1904
On November 5, 1918, Cooper was elected to his first term without opposition, receiving 25,267 votes.
On November 2, 1920, Governor Cooper was re-elected without opposition, receiving 58,050 votes.
May 20, 1922 Governor Cooper resigned to become a member of the Federal Farm Loan Board
Federal Farm Loan Board: 1922-1927
Robert Archer Cooper was born in Laurens County, SC, on June 12, 1874, the son of Henry Addison Cooper and Elizabeth Archer (Jones) Cooper.
Judge Cooper was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1898
after reading for the law from 1897 to 1898 with John L. M. Irby.
Some biographies indicate that he received a law degree from
the University of South Carolina Law School. He then established
a law firm with Mr. Irby. His official biography states, however,
that he received a Doctor of Laws degree (LL.D., honoris causa)
from the Polytechnic Institute (now the Interamerican University)
in San German, Puerto Rico. The honorary degree was granted on
May 4, 1947.
Robert Archer Cooper held many private and government positions. From 1899 to 1900 he acted as a Magistrate of the State of South Carolina. He was a Trustee of Furman University in Greenville, SC and of Anderson College in Anderson, SC.
In 1900, Robert Archer Cooper was first elected as one of
three men to represent Laurens County in the House of Representatives
He was then elected three times to be the Solicitor of the
8th Judicial District of SC, and served from 1905 to 1917.
He then resumed the practice of law and served as assistant
to the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Democratic
Party from 1929 to 1932. He returned to public service when he
was selected by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to organize
the Community Credit Corporation, where he served briefly as
On October 22, 1937, by Executive Order 7731, President Franklin
D. Roosevelt designated and appointed Associate Justice Martín
Travieso of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico to perform and discharge
the duties of a district judge of this Court in the trial against
the persons charged with attempting to kill Judge Cooper. The
reason for the designation and appointment of Justice Travieso
was because Judge Cooper was a necessary witness for the government
in the trial and was under legal disability to act as a judge
in the case.
Robert Archer Cooper was born in Waterloo Township, Laurens County, SC. He received an LL.D. from the Polytechnic Institute in San German, Puerto Rico and was admitted to the South Carolina Bar in 1898. He was Magistrate of Laurens, SC in 1899 and 1900 and a member of the SC House of Representatives from 1900 to 1904, and was elected three times to the position of Solicitor of the 8th Judicial District of SC. He was also a Trustee of Furman University in Greenville, SC and Anderson College in Anderson, SC. As governor, Cooper launched a progressive program that sought to establish a seven-month school term in the state, compulsory statewide school attendance, higher teacher salaries, expanded public health services, and increased road construction. To finance these efforts, he urged a revaluation of state property and more rigorous enforcement of the tax laws. In addition, legislation was enacted limiting the hours of work in textile mills to ten hours daily or fifty-five hours weekly. During Cooper's administration, an agricultural depression began that plagued South Carolina for a number of years. Cooper resigned shortly before completing his second term as governor to accept appointment to the Federal Farm Loan Board, a position that he held for five years. He resumed the practice of law but returned to the federal goverment when asked by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to help organize the Commodity Credit Corporation, on which he served briefly as General Counsel. He also was assistant to the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee from 1929 to 1932 and a U.S. District Judge for Puerto Rico from 1934 to 1947.
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