The American Revolution in South Carolina

March 1, 1775

June 21, 1775

February 29, 1776

April 15, 1776

June 4, 1776

October 31, 1776

February 15, 1777

October 30, 1777

March 28, 1778

January 10, 1779

October 10, 1779

January 20, 1780

May 12, 1780

June 1, 1780

August 16, 1780

January 20, 1781

May 15, 1781

September 30, 1781

November 15, 1781

January 31, 1782

December 14, 1782


In August, elections were held to determine the members of the Second Provincial Congress, which met for the first time during most of November 1775. On November 14, 1775, the Second Provincial Congress resolved to create a fourth regiment of Provincial Troops - this regiment to be entirely for the Artillery - and all officers were appointed by the Council of Safety.

On November 21, 1775, the Second Provincial Congress resolved to clarify the differences between the four regiments of Provincial Troops and the numerous "regiments" of Militia - the first time these were referred to as Regiments officially; before, they were simply a "militia" with no specific headcount, numbers, or other nomenclature. This new Resolution made it clear that the Provincial Troops had first rights to drafting new men, when necessary, over the militia regiments, and in what order (see figure above). It also made it clear that those of the same rank - e.g., 1st Lieutenant - within the Provincial Troops had seniority over those within the militias. That is - a 1st Lieutenant within the Provincial Troops could direct a 1st Lieutenant within the militia, who must comply.

By this time, John Harleston assumed leadership of the Charles Town District Regiment (of militia), and John Thomas, Sr. assumed leadership of the Spartan Regiment (of militia) with the resignation of Thomas Fletchall (a Loyalist) in September. The independent company of Robert Ellison joined the SC 3rd Regiment under Lt. Col. William Thomson. The independent company of Capt. John Fullerton was disbanded. Finally, the independent artillery company of Capt. Owen Roberts was folded into the SC 4th Regiment, now led by Lt. Col. Owen Roberts.

Around this timeframe, the British fleet has remained in or near Charleston harbor and continues to harrass shipping. Loyalists are beginning to exert themselves, mostly in the upcountry, and with new alliances with the Cherokees - a result of the recently-departed royal Governor Lord William Campbell's directions.

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