With the arrival of Maj. Gen. Nathanael
Greene and his Continentals, the tide began to slowly shift against
the British and the Loyalists. With a few collaborations under
their belts, the militia began to trust Greene, even though no
one could honestly claim that the Patriots were "winning."
Gov. John Rutledge returned from North Carolina, and more SC
congressmen began to come out of hiding - there was now a semblance
of civilian leadership within the state for the first time in
a year. Gov. Rutledge insisted that the militia work with the
Continentals - however, this did not suit BG Thomas Sumter who
was quite used to calling all the shots until now. Marion and
Pickens apparently had no significant problems with these orders.
In the Spring of 1781, Sumter established
five new regiments of State Troops - with Maj. Gen. Greene's
approval. These new State Troops were: the SC 1st Regiment of
State Dragoons, led by Col. Wade Hampton; the SC 2nd Regiment
of State Dragoons, led by Col. Charles Myddleton; Hampton's Regiment
of Light Dragoons, led by Lt. Col. Henry Hampton; Hill's Regiment
of Light Dragoons, led by Col. William Hill; and, Polk's Regiment
of Light Dragoons, led by Lt. Col. William Polk of North Carolina.
All soldiers were required to serve for a minimum of ten months
to earn their promised bounty.
While Col. Benjamin Roebuck was a prisoner
of the British, Lt. Col. Henry White led Roebuck's Battalion
of Spartan Regiment. After the Loyalists murdered Col. Abel Kolb,
Lemuel Benton took over as colonel and commander of the Cheraws
District Regiment. In January of 1781, Lt. Col. Peter Horry was
authorized to create a new regiment of militia, aptly named Horry's
Light Dragoons. In March of 1781, BG Francis Marion authorized
Maj. Hezekiah Maham to create a second new regiment of militia,
again aptly named Maham's Light Dragoons.
Finally, Col. William Bratton and Col.
Edward Lacey decided to leave Sumter's command and joined BG