The Royal Colony of South Carolina

Royal Governors of South Carolina

SC Governor


James Moore*


Francis Nicholson


Arthur Middleton*


Robert Johnson


Thomas Broughton


William Bull*


James Glen


William Henry Lyttelton


William Bull, Jr.*


Thomas Boone


William Bull, Jr.*


Lord Charles Greville Montagu


William Bull, Jr.*


Lord William Campbell

*Not a true Governor appointed by the Crown. President of the Executive Council, serving as Acting Governor until the next Crown appointee could make it to the Province.

When the public erupted in a rebellion in late 1719, they chose their first "elected" governor, James Moore, Jr. to give his allegiance to the Crown instead of to the Lords Proprietors. The Crown took over administration of South Carolina at this point in time, but they did not purchase the interests of the Lords Proprietors until 1729.

Royal Governors were appointed by the Crown, on the advice of the Secretary of State, and accountable directly to both the Secretary of State and the Board of Trade. Other Crown appointees were: Secretary, Surveyor General, Auditor, Receiver General, Attorney General, Chief Justice, and Customs Collectors for each port. These appointees were to work with the Royal Governor and even take direction from him, but he could not remove them from office.

As was true during the previous Lords Proprietors' period, if a governor died, the Executive Council was authorized to elect a President to run the government temporarily until the Crown could appoint the next governor and for that man to make his way to South Carolina and take the oaths of office.

Acting alone, a governor could appoint provincial officials, or suspend their offices on his own authority, except those offices named above that were also appointed by the Crown. Legislative bills could be rejected by the governor, and he could prorogue or dissolve the Commons House of Assembly on his own authority, but most sought concurrence by their Executive Councils.

© 2004-2020 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved