The American Revolution in South Carolina

Evacuation of Charleston

December 14, 1782


Patriot Cdr:

Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne
British Cdr:

Maj. Gen. Alexander Leslie
Killed:

0
Killed:

0
Wounded:

0
Wounded:

0
Captured:

0
Captured:

0
Old District: 

Charles Town District
Present County:

Charleston County

British Evacuate Charleston

Charleston had been occupied by the British for thirty months and two days when they finally left. Maj. Gen. Alexander Leslie agreed not to destroy the city if the Americans would allow his troops to depart safely. Upon the firing of the morning cannon the British, their allies, their Loyalists, and 5,000 slaves moved out of the forward works, while the Continentals of Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne moved in - keeping a respectful distance.

Gen. William Moultrie wrote in his memoirs, "This fourteenth day of December, 1782, ought never to be forgotten by the Carolinians; it ought to be the day of festivity with them, as it is the real day of their deliverance and independence."

Over 5,000 slaves and former slaves sailed away with the British fleet. The slaves that came in on their own free will were promised their freedom. Britain honored their commitment to them and many settled in the Carribean or in Canada.

It is estimated that 25,000 slaves had been taken from South Carolinians during the British occupation. Since these were considered confiscated property of the Patriots, they were sold back into slavery.

The day after the British evacuated Charleston the Maryland Line decided that their enlistments were at an end and they prepared to go home. Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene rode to their camp and told them that though Charleston was no longer a British stronghold the war was not over.

It was true, the war was not over. But, there would be no more fighting in the Carolinas. On September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed and Britain's war with the United States was officially at an end.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne - Commanding Officer

MD 1st Regiment of Continentals led by Lt. Col. John Stewart with Capt. John Sprigg Belt

MD 2nd Regiment of Continentals led by Lt. Col. John Eager Howard

MD 3rd Regiment of Continentals led by Lt. Col. Peter Adams

MD 4th Regiment of Continentals led by Lt. Col. Thomas Woolford

PA Brigade of Continentals led by Col. Francis Mentges with three battalions:

PA 1st Provisional Battalion led by Maj. James Hamilton

PA 2nd Provisional Battalion led by Lt. Col. Richard Butler

PA 3rd Provisional Battalion led by Capt. Alexander William

Light Corps led by Col. George Baylor with the following units:

DE Regiment of Light Infantry led by Capt. Paul Quenoualt with 100 men

MD 3rd Regiment, Light Infantry Company led by Capt. Francis Revelly

Baylor's Consolidated Regiment of Dragoons led by Col. George Baylor with 150 men in two companies:
- Capt. William Armistead
- Capt. William Barrett

4th Continental Artillery Regiment of PA led by Lt. Col. Andrew Porter with 60 men

2nd Continental Artillery Regiment of NY & CT led by Maj.-Capt. Francis Proctor, Jr. with Capt. James McClure, Capt. Jonas Simond, and "Unknown Commander" of The Regiment of Artillery Artificers, Company D - with two 3-pounders

1st Continental Artillery Regiment of VA, 1st Battalion led by Capt. Anthony Singleton, with Capt. Francis Brooke and his 12th Company

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Maj. Gen. Alexander Leslie - Commanding Officer

British Regulars:

3rd Regiment of Foot (The Buffs) led by Lt. Col. Thomas Dawson with 388 men

17th Regiment of Foot led by "Unknown" with 94 men

30th Regiment of Foot led by Lt. Col. Christopher Maxwell

33rd Regiment of Foot led by Maj. William Dansey with 120 men in two companies:
- Light Infantry Company - Capt. William Gore
- Grenadier Company - Capt. Frederick Cornwallis

23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) led by "Unknown" with 118 men

60th Regiment of Foot (Royal Americans) led by "Unknown" two battalions:
- 3rd Battalion with 238 men
- 4th Battalion with 372 men

63rd Regiment of Foot led by Capt. Jonathan Roberts with 262 men

64th Regiment of Foot led by Capt. Frederick Bowes with 316 men

84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) led by "Unknown" with 110 men

Royal Regiment of Artillery led by "Unknown"

German Auxiliaries:

Hesse-Kassel Fusilier Regiment von Ditfurth led by Col. Max von Westerhagen with 553 men, including Lt. Col. Ernst Leopold von Borck and Capt. Friederich von der Maslburg

Hesse-Kassel Garrison Regiment von Benning led by Col. Friedrich von Benning with 544 men

Hesse-Kassel Grenadier Regiment von Marquis d'Angelelli led by Col. Johann Christoph von Koehler with 520 men

Hesse-Kassel Musketeer Regiment von Bose led by Maj. Max von O'Reilly with 100 men

Hesse-Kassel Feld Jager Korps led by "Unknown" with 80 men

Provincials:

NY Volunteers led by Maj. Henry Sheridan with 211 men in the following companies:
- Lt. Col. George Turnbull's Company - Maj. Henry Sheridan
- Maj. John Coffin's Troop of Mounted Infantry - Maj. John Coffin
- Capt. William Gray's Company - Lt. Garrett Clopper
- Capt. William Johnston
- Capt. Bernard Kane
- Capt. Archibald McLean

King's American Regiment led by Lt. Col. George Campbell with 222 men in the following companies:
- Col. Edmund Fanning's Company - Capt.-Lt. William Wrightman
- Lt. Col. George Campbell's Company - Lt. Roderick McLeod
- Maj. James Grant
- Capt. Isaac Atwood
- Capt. Thomas Chapman
- Capt. Peter Clements
- Capt. Thomas Cornwell - Light Infantry Company
- Capt. DePeyster's Grenadier Company - Ensign Edward McCan
- Capt. Robert Gray
- Capt. John William Livingston

NJ Volunteers led by Lt. Col. Isaac Allen with 289 men in the following companies:
- Lt. Col. Isaac Allen's Company - Lt. Edward Stille
- Maj. Robert Drummond
- Capt. John Barbarie
- Capt. Peter Campbell
- Capt. Charles Harrison
- Capt. Daniel Cozen's Company - Lt. John Hatton
- Capt. Thatcher Bartolomew
- Capt. Joseph Lee

DeLancey's Brigade led by Lt. John Harris Cruger with 283 men in the following companies:
- Maj. Joseph Green
- Capt. James French
- Capt. Thomas French
- Capt. James Galbreath's Company - Lt. Colin Campbell
- Capt. George Kerr
- Capt.-Lt. Charles McPherson
- Capt. Barent Roorback
- Capt. Jacob Smith
- Maj. Thomas Bownden
- Capt. George Dunbar

Prince of Wales American Regiment led by "Unknown" with 327 men in the following companies:
- Brig. Gen. Montfort Brown's Company - Capt.-Lt. James Shanks
- Lt. Col. de Vebur's Company - Lt. Monson Hoyt
- Maj. John Carden's Company - Lt. Michael Ambrose
- Capt. Daniel Lyman's Light Infantry Company - "Unknown"
- Capt. Walter Campbell
- Capt. Haws Hatch
- Capt. Stephen Hoyt
- Capt. Andrew Maxwell
- Capt. Charles McNeill

Loyalist Militia:

Charles Town Loyalist Militia led by Col. William Campbell

Ninety-Six Brigade of Loyalist Militia led by Brig. Gen. Robert Cunningham with Lt. Col. Robert Anderson and the following companies:
- Lt. Col. Anderson's Regiment - Capt. William Parker
- Robinson's Troop of Militia Dragoons - Capt. James Robinson

Col. Hezekiah Williams's Regiment led by Col. Hezekiah Williams with the following companies
- Capt. William Connaway
- Capt. Joel Cornet
- Capt. Stephen Ballard
- Capt. John Masterson
- Capt. John Harris Tyner
- Capt. Jesse Campbell
- Capt. John Crawford
- Capt. Tenison Cheshire

Lt. Col. Moses Kirkland's Regiment of Loyalist Militia led by Lt. Col. Moses Kirkland

Cunningham's Troop of Dragoons led by Maj. William Cunningham with 38 men and the following officers:
- Capt. William Helms
- Capt. John Hood
- Capt. William Parker

Col. Richard King's Regiment of Loyalist Militia led by Col. Richard King with one company of 33 men:
- Col. Richard King's Company - Lt. Samuel McCallister

Col. Thomas Pearson's Regiment of Loyalist Militia led by Col. Thomas Pearson with 183 men

Lt. Col. William Young's Corps led by Lt. Col. William Young with 35 men in two companies:
- Capt. Richard Long
- Capt. James Robins

Lt. Col. Bailey Cheney's Regiment of Loyalist Militia led by Lt. Col. Bailey Cheney with 54 men in two companies:
- Capt. William Snead
- Capt. Thomas Thornton

Camden District 1st Regiment of Loyalist Militia led by Lt. Col. Robert English with 100 men in three companies:
- Maj. John McNeil
- Capt. James McCullogh
- Capt. George Platt

Camden District 2nd Regiment of Loyalist Militia led by Col. William Ballentine with 140 men in two companies:
- Capt. John Barton
- Capt. Henry McClelland

Rocky Mount Loyalist Militia led by Col. W.T. Turner with 23 men in one company:
- Capt. John Davis

Orangeburgh District Loyalist Militia led by Col. John Fisher with 78 men in three companies:
- Capt. Elias Buckingham
- Capt. Godgrey Hearshman
- Capt. Hartwell Pentecost

Col. Campbell's Regiment of NC Loyalist Militia led by Col. Samuel Campbell with 91 men in four companies:
- Capt. James Ashworth, with 2nd Capt. Donald McKeithan
- Capt. William Lane, with 2nd Capt. Duncan Morrison
- Capt. Samuel Campbell, with 2nd Capt. Lewis Lowry and 2nd Capt. Thomas Evans
- Capt. Thomas Barns

NC Loyalist Refugees in three companies:
- Capt. Robert Hendry
- Capt. Archibald Sellers
- Capt. Joseph Brinkley

Royal NC Militia of Anson County led by Col. Duncan Ray with four companies:
- Maj. John Watson
- Capt. John McLean
- Capt. Daniel Ray
- Capt. Donald McInnes with 45 men, including Lt. Miles McInnes

Col. Graham's Regiment of NC Loyalist Militia led by Col. Faithful Graham with 84 men and the following officers:
- Maj. Archibald Taylor
- Maj. Thomas Torrant
- Capt. Robert Henry
- Capt. Duncan Morrison
- Capt. Donald McKeithan
- Capt. Neil McPhail
- Capt. John Moore
- Capt. Thomas Moore
- Capt. Thomas Private
- Capt. John Smillie

Royal NC Loyalist Militia of Bladen County led by Lt. Col. Hector McNeil with the following companies:
- Capt. Patrick McNeil
- Capt. Stephen Scarborough
- Capt. Daniel McPhatter - Long Swamp Company, with Lt. Hector MacNeill
- Capt. John McNair - Shoe Heel Company
- Capt. Daniel MacNeill - Green Swamp Company
- Maj. Samuel Adams - Great Swamp Company
- Capt. William Rhodes - Cape Fear River Company
- Lt. William Strickland - Bear Swamp Company

Royal NC Loyalist Militia of Cumberland County led by Col. Archibald McDougald, with Lt. Col. Archibald McKay and Capt. Daniel Malloy

Col. David Fanning's Regiment of NC Loyalist Militia led by "Unknown"

Refugees:

Craven County (SC):
- Col. Elias Ball, Sr.
- Lt. Col. Elias Ball, Jr.

Ninety-Six District (SC):
- Col. James Cary
- Col. Daniel Clary
- Col. Thomas Fletchall
- Lt. Col. Andrew Cunningham - Little River Militia
- Lt. Col. Thomas Edgehill
- Lt. Col. James Vernon
- Lt. Col. Patrick Cunningham

Georgetown District (SC):
- Col. James Cassells

Cheraws District (SC):
- Col. Robert Gray

Jackson's Creek (SC):
- Col. John Phillips

Berkeley County (SC):
- Lt. Col. Theodore Gaillard

Colleton County (SC):
- Lt. Col. Robert McKenzie

Slaves - 5,000

Royal Navy led by Admiral Samuel Hood
- Assurance - unknown guns
- Charlestown - unknown guns
- Hound - unknown guns
- HMS Frigate Musician - 40 guns
- HMS Frigate Perserverance - 36 guns
- HMS Frigate Cypress - 36 guns
- HMS Frigate Emerald - 32 guns
- HMS Frigate Belsheus - 24 guns
- HMS Frigate Carolina - 30 guns
- HMS Sloop Vulture - 20 guns
- Evacuation Fleet - 150 vessels



© 2008 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved